The Uzgen historical, cultural, architectural and archaeological complex is located 54 kilometers from Osh on the right bank of the Kara Darya River. The city of Uzgen emerged in the II-I centuries BC as a center of commerce on the way from the Fergana Valley to Kashgar. In the XI-XII centuries, it was the second capital of the Karakhanid state.At this time - during the heyday of the dynasty - the Uzgen minaret was built. The complex consists of a beautiful minaret and a group of mausoleums in which the Karakhanid nobility are buried. The initial height of the minaret was approximately 45 meters, but later the tower was destroyed, and today its height is 27.5 meters.Structurally, the building consists of three parts. The square foundation with a depth of two meters with sides of nine meters is made of stones and sealed with loess solution. The lower part of the Uzgen minaret is an octahedral base with a height of about five meters, built of burnt bricks. On the southern side, at a height of two meters, there is a pointed entrance to the minaret. The middle part of the minaret has a cylindrical shape, tapering upwards. The diameter at the bottom - eight meters, in the upper part - about six. Inside the minaret is a spiral staircase with 53 steps. Minarets are built at mosques. From a high tower, the mullah makes an adhan (call to prayer).