Let us tell you about the mountains, geography, and biology in Kyrgyzstan which can be useful for your travelling in Kyrgyzstan. The landscape of Kyrgyzstan is complicated and varied and is dominated by mountain chains which criss-cross the country - but as well as the peaks, gorges and valleys, there are also steppes and hollows (or basins). Even though the territory of Kyrgyzstan is a small area, it is possible to see a wide variety of landscapes and experience different climate during your tours in Kyrgyzstan. That is because it is possible to travel in Kyrgyzstan a relatively small distance horizontally, and yet ascend and descend a considerable distance vertically, where changes are more marked - more noticeable. Needless to say that over 94 % of the territory of Kyrgyzstan lies above 1000 m.a.s.l. and 71 % above 2000 meters. (Generally - anything above 1500 meters is counted as mountainous).
The Tien Shan Range is the most famous range that you might have heard a lot when planning to travel to Kyrgyzstan. It is the main highlight of your tour in Kyrgyzstan and one of the largest in Central Asia that stretches across several countries. Not many tourists who travel to Kyrgyzstan that 2/3 of the system lies on the territory of Kyrgyzstan. This amazing mountain system is divided into Northern, Western, Eastern, Central and Inner ranges and most of them exhibit typical alpine features. They are made of sedimentary, metamorphic and igneous rocks. The area that surrounds the Enilchek Glacier has two peaks over 7000 meters, (Pobeda and Khan Tenri), 23 higher than 6000 meters including 3 virgin peaks - and 80 more peaks between 5000 and 6000 meters including 14 virgin peaks.